It is envisaged at known deposits of petroleum in our country will get exhausted by the few decades and coal reserves are expected to last for another hundred years. Regional retail E85 prices vary widely across the US, with more favorable prices in the Midwest region, where most corn is grown and ethanol produced.
Pure alcohol is produced throughout the world by fermenting molasses made from sugar cane and sugar beets with Sachoromices cerevisae, a yeast that segregates specific enzymes that break down hexose and other simple sugars.
Thereafter, different designs of solar cooker have been propagated under its market-oriented and demonstration programmes. Alcohol fuelEthanol fuelMethanol economyMethanol fuelCommon ethanol fuel mixturesFlexible-fuel vehicleE85and Biobutanol The Ford Model T was the first commercial flex-fuel vehicle.
Already a number of solar drying systems have been installed in the country and these are helping to save significant amounts of conventional fuels. India has developed technology to use solar energy for cooking, water heating, water dissimilation, space heating, crop drying etc.
Solar cooker is a simple device which cooks food with the help of solar energy and saves conventional fuels to a significant extent. Although the initial cost of solar water heating system is rather high, the system pays back the investment within 3 to 6 years depending on the fuels substituted.
These sources of energy are being used extensively in such a way that their known reserves have been depleted to a great extent. Concentrating type solar cooker is of three broad types, viz. Radiothermal generators RTGs which use such radioisotopes as fuels do not sustain a nuclear chain reaction, but rather generate electricity from the decay of a radioisotope which has in turn been produced on Earth as a concentrated power source fuel using energy from an Earth-based nuclear reactor.
Biofuel Bioalcohol and ethanol[ edit ] See also: Energy generated by using wind, tides, solar, geothermal heat, and biomass including farm and animal waste as well as human excreta is known as non-conventional energy.
As the world changes and fossil fuels become more scarce and expensive, we need to start thinking of more alternatives to fulfill our ever growing energy needs.
For many households, employing alternative energies for their power needs, means that they most likely will be in a position to sell their surplus power back to the power company, for some homeowners this could be quite a decent amount.
Solar steam cooking system can cook food for thousands of people using steam inside the kitchen in very short time It is useful for installation at ashrams, temples, churches, gurudwaras, etc.
It is about creating a balance between the energy produced and that which is consumed. All these sources are renewable or inexhaustible and do not cause environmental pollution.
According to energy experts the non-conventional energy potential of India is estimated at about 95, MW. In addition, continuous exploration for non-conventional sources of energy and growth of the lager shale gas market also fuel the market. It has been estimated that the use of domestic solar water heating systems of litres capacity each can contribute to a peak load shaving of 1 MW.
It was fitted with a carburetor with adjustable jetting, allowing use of gasoline or ethanol, or a combination of both. The VW Gol 1. What is conventional source of energy. As on 31st March,as many as 5, 55, box type solar cookers, 10 concentrating type community cookers and 2, Schefler dish type solar cookers were in use in India.
Methanol and Ethanol are popular sources of alternative energy that may be synthesized from plant matter. Also, none of the smog-forming contaminates are emitted.
Various types of collectors have been fabricated and are currently under use. The technical potential, assuming 20 per cent grid penetration, is estimated at 13, MW. Natural gas is also emerging as an important source of energy in India's commercial energy scene in view of large reserves of gas that have been established in the country, particularly, in South Bassein off west coast of India.
This is a viable way for humans to become self sufficient while making a personal contribution to reduce pressure on earth and depletion of fossil fuels and to eliminate our reliance on foreign nations for energy needs.
Ammonia engines or ammonia motors, using ammonia as a working fluidhave been proposed and occasionally used. Oil and Natural Gas: This hot water can be used for various applications in homes, hotels, hostels, restaurants and hospitals.
These ethanol-only vehicles were very popular in the s, but became economically impractical when oil prices fell — and sugar prices rose — late in that decade.
Nuclear power is usually used by using a nuclear reactor to heat a working fluid such as water, which is then used to create steam pressure, which is converted into mechanical work for the purpose of generating electricity or propulsion in water.
An alternative fuel vehicle is a vehicle that runs on a fuel other than traditional petroleum fuels (petrol or Diesel fuel); and also refers to any technology of powering an engine that does not involve solely petroleum (e.g.
electric car, hybrid electric vehicles, solar powered). Vehicles on Non Conventional Sources. Topics: Solar cell, Electric vehicle, Photovoltaics Water seems like a good choice for an energy source, and many have tried. It looks like Genepax Co, a Japanese company, has been able to get a car to run on water.
The following table shows the charging of battery with the running our vehicle using non-conventional sources.
The help of three non-conventional sources i.e., wind, noise key feature of this project is, it stops the vehicle detecting. Chapter 15 - Renewable and non-conventional energy sources. Small hydroelectric plants Biomass energy (it did not consider the significant introduction of renewable and non-conventional energy sources): gasification in the Peruvian Central Selva is a promising alternative for small-scale thermal applications such as for vehicles.
Non-exhaust sources account for more than 90% of PM 10 and 85% of PM emissions from passenger cars, and this proportion is likely to increase in the future as vehicles become heavier.
Policy so far has only focused on reducing PM from exhaust emissions. Virtually all solar cars ever built have been for the purpose of solar car races, with notable exceptions that includes solar powered golf cars and utility vehicles. Solar cars combine technology typically used in the aerospace, bicycle, alternative energy and automotive industries.Vehicles on non conventional sources